Bachelor of Science Education Honours (BScEd Hons)

Bachelor of Science Education Honours (BScEd Hons)

NUST code:

 

DURATION:

 4 Years

TYPE OF DEGREE:

HONOURS

CREDIT LOAD:

480

LEVEL 
 

8/9

ACCREDITATION ORGANISATION(S):

Zimbabwe Council for Higher Education (ZIMCHE)

 

The Programme aims to develop in students the competence to produce high quality work in various subjects under the disciplines of science, mathematics and technology, as well as to teach up to high school and college level in these learning areas.


Special entry (In-service): Relevant teaching diplomas (and approved certificates) in the specified subjects; five ‘O’ Level passes including English Language and Mathematics.
Normal entry (Pre-service): At least 2 ‘A’ Level passes in relevant subjects of specialisation, and five ‘O’ Level passes including English Language Mathematics and a science subject.
Special entry candidates shall pursue a four-year programme of study on block-release, consisting of a prescribed number of modules in specialist subjects and in education and professional studies, including work-based experience and a final year research or design project. The work-based experience shall be in the third year of study.
Normal entry candidates shall pursue a four-year full-time programme of study in which the third year shall be spent wholly on Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience in an institution or organization relevant to their degree programme.

Normal entry candidates shall study additional elective modules in education and professional studies as prescribed by the department.
Candidates shall be required to obtain a total of 480 credits to be awarded the degree.

Assessment
Unless specified otherwise in the module synopses, all taught theory modules shall be assessed through continuous assessment in the form of assignments, tests, quizzes, short projects or oral and other presentations, and a formal 3-hour written examination.
The weighting of written examinations and continuous assessment shall be 60% and 40%, respectively.

 

All students in the programme (together with students from other Departments) shall study the following education and professional modules:


 

 

 

Year I

 

Semester I

PST1101 Theoretical Foundations in STEM Education

PST1102 Communication & Public Relations

PST1103 STEM Learning and Teaching strategies

 

Semester II

PST1209 Introductory statistics

PST1212 Computer Applications in Education I

PST1213 Educational Technology

Year II

 

Semester I

PST2104 Curriculum development & evaluation

PST2105 Testing, assessment & evaluation

PST2116 Science Technology & Society

 

Semester II

PST2208 Leadership & Supervision in STEM Education

PST2211 Research Methods

PST2212 Computer Applications in education II

Year III

Semester  I & II

PST3000 Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience

Year IV

 

Semester I

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4109 Statistics for educators

PST4112 AutoCAD/CAD/CAM

 

Semester II

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4208 Project Development & Management

PST4215 Quality and innovation in STEM education

 

 

TOTAL

 
Specialist subject Modules
In addition to the common modules above, candidates in the Department shall study prescribed modules under one of the specialist subject areas detailed below.
 
Accounting and Business Studies
Key to module codes

60

Financial accounting; International standards and reporting

61

Management functions

62

Economics

63

Management and cost accounting

64

Taxation, audit and professional conduct in accounting

 

 

 

 

Module List

Year I

 

Semester I

PST1160 Financial Accounting 1A

PST1161 Principles of Management

PST1162 Microeconomics

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST1260 Financial Accounting 1B

PST1261 Corporate and Business Law

PST1262 Macroeconomics

Education Modules

Year II

 

Semester I

PST2160 Financial Accounting IIA

PST2161 Human Resources Management

PST2163  Management & Cost Accounting IA

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST2260 Financial Accounting IIB

PST2263 Management And Cost Accounting IB

PST2264 Auditing

Education Modules

Year III

 

PST3000 Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience

Year IV

 

Semester I

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4160 Financial Reporting  I (Elective)

PST4161 Principles of Marketing

PST4162 Entrepreneurship (Elective)

PST4163  Management & Cost Accounting II

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4261 Organizational Behaviour

PST4262 Strategic Management

PST 4263 Operations Management  (Elective)

PST4264 Introduction To Taxation (Elective)

Education Modules

 

 

TOTAL

 


 

Biology

Key to module codes

35

Cell and molecular biology, biotechnology

36

Biochemistry, biomathematics, applications of biology

37

Physiology, anatomy, metabolism, microbiology

38

Reproduction, genetics, inheritance, selection, evolution.

39

Biodiversity, ecology, disease, immunity

 

 

 

 

Module list

Year I

 

Semester I

PST1135 Cell biology

PST1136 Biochemistry

PST1139 Biodiversity

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST1236 Enzymes and Enzyme Biotechnology

PST1237 Gas exchange and Transport

PST1238 Genetics

Education Modules

Year II

 

Semester I

PST2135 Cell and nuclear division

PST2136 Biostatistics

PST2139 Ecology and ecosystems

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST2237 Bioenergetics

PST2238 Inherited change

PST2239 Human disease and immunity

Education Modules

Year III

 

PST3000 Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience

Year IV

 

Semester I

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4135 Biotechnology (Elective)

PST4137 Plant Physiology

PST4138 Evolution and Selection

PST4139 Crop plant productivity I (Elective)

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4236 Agricultural biology (Elective)

PST4237 Regulation and control

PST4238 Reproduction, growth and development

PST4239 PST4139 Crop plant productivity II (Elective)

Education Modules

 

 

TOTAL

 


 

 

  • Chemistry

Key to module codes

 

40

Physical chemistry

41

Inorganic chemistry

42

Organic chemistry

43

Applications of chemistry

44

Analytical chemistry

 

 

 

 

Module list

Year I

 

Semester I

PST1136 Biochemistry

PST1140 Mathematics for Chemists

PST1141Inorganic Chemistry I

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST1240 Chemical energetics

PST1242 Organic Chemistry I

PST1274 Modern Physics

Education Modules

Year II

 

Semester I

PST2141 Inorganic Chemistry II

PST2142 Organic Chemistry II

PST2143 Chemical and ionic equilibria

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST2240 States of matter

PST2241 Transition elements

PST2242 Polymers and polymerization

Education Modules

Year III

 

PST3000 Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience

Year IV

 

Semester I

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4141 Nitrogen and sulphur

PST4143 Applications of analytical chemistry

PST4144 Electrochemistry

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4240 Nuclear chemistry

PST4243 Environmental chemistry

PST4244 Reaction kinetics

Education Modules

 

 

TOTAL

 


2.5.2.4 Computer Science

Key to module codes

 

75

Application of Computers

76

File Organization and Database Concepts

77

Data Structure Types, Presentations and Design

78

Software and Hardware

79

Architecture, Data Communication and Networks

 

 

 

 

Module list

Year I

 

Semester I

PST1131 Engineering Mathematics I

PST1133 Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science

PST1172 Electricity and Magnetism

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST1275 Introduction to Computers

PST1277 Business Information Systems

PTE1253 Electronic Circuits and devices

Education Modules

Year II

 

Semester I

PST2176 Database Concepts and Data Processes

PST2177 Program and Programmable Design

PST2178 Operating Systems Concepts

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST2277 Data Structures and Algorithms

PST2278 Systems Analysis and Design

PTE2254 Digital Electronics

Education Modules

Year III

 

PST3000 Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience

Year IV

 

Semester I

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4175 Computer Communication and Networking

PST4178 Software engineering concepts

PST4179 Operating Systems & Comp Architecture

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST4010 Final Year Project

PTE4254 Microprocessors & microcontrollers

PST4276 Graphic Design

PST4277 Database design and management

Education Modules

 

 

TOTAL

 


 

 

  • Mathematics and Statistics

 Key to module codes

30

Geometry and trigonometry

31

Calculus and engineering mathematics

32

Algebra

33

Mechanics

34

Probability and statistics

 

 

 

 

Module list

Year I

 

Semester I

PST1130 Coordinate geometry and circular measure

PST1131 Calculus I

PST1132 Linear algebra

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST1230Trigonometry

PST1231 Calculus II

PST1232 Quadratic equations and functions

Education Modules

Year II

 

Semester I

PST2130 Vectors

PST2134 Further Statistics

PST2171 Forces, equilibrium and kinematics

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST2203 Methods of Teaching mathematics

PST2230 Logarithmic and exponential functions

PST2231 Numerical solutions of equations

PST2234 Probability and random variables

Education Modules

Year III

 

PST3000 Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience

Year IV

 

Semester I

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4131 Partial differential equations and Fourier series

PST4132 Real Analysis (Elective)

PST4134 Survey and sampling methods(Elective)

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4231 Numerical methods

PST4232 Complex numbers

PST4233 Mechanics

PST4278 Computer packages for mathematics and statistics

Education Modules

 

 

TOTAL

 


 

 

  • Physics

Key to module codes

 

70           General physics, oscillations and waves

71           Newtonian mechanics

72           Electricity and magnetism

73           Magnetism

74           Modern physics

 

 

 

 

Module list

Year I

 

Semester I

PST1131 Calculus 1/PST1131 Engineering Mathematics I

PST1172 Electricity and Magnetism

PTE1147 Material Science

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST1231 Engineering Mathematics II

PST1270 Oscillations and waves

PTE1274 Modern Physics

Education Modules

Year II

 

Semester I

PST2171 Mechanics and relativity

PST2172 Current Electricity

PTE2150 Analogue Electronics

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST2271 Solid state physics

PTE2246 Thermodynamics

PTE2254 Digital Electronics

Education Modules

Year III

 

PST3000 Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience

Year IV

 

Semester I

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4170 Quantum Physics (Elective)

PST4171 Relativity mechanics

PST4172 Statistical Mechanics

PST4173 Electromagnetism (Elective)

Education Modules

 

Semester II

PST4010 Final Year Project

PST4270 Atomic and Nuclear Physics

PST4271 Classical Mechanics

PST4274 Modern Physics

Education Modules

 

 

TOTAL

 

PST0113               Learning environments and resources                     
Learning space organisation; displays, internal and external learning environments, field trips, educational technology and teaching/learning resources; Learning outcomes: Assessment in this module shall be by coursework only. Students shall produce a portfolio of teaching resources, assignments on designing learning environments, etc.
 
PST0118               Theory of education                                        
Introducing contemporary theory, definition of philosophy, dominant philosophy and theory in science and technology education, linking theory to practice, educational psychology basics, sociology of education, theory and curriculum development, theory and human development.
 
PST0203               Lesson presentation techniques                                 
Students shall spend time conducting peer and micro-teaching session to sharpen their lesson presentation skills learnt in PST1101 to acquire teaching skills e.g. voice projection and regulation, posture, mannerisms, grooming, classroom control. Evaluation of peer and pre-recorded lessons. Assessment in this module shall be by coursework only. Students shall produce portfolios of work done.
 
PST1101               Theoretical Foundations in STEM Education                                          
Psychology of education- Physical, cognitive and emotional development in children, adolescents and adults. Piaget, Brunner, Pavlov, Vygotsky, etc. Individual differences and learning styles. Pedagogy and andragogy. memory and understanding. Sociology of education- Human Social Interactions; society and community; urban and rural communities, agents of socialization; culture and education, inclusive learning; industrialization; globalization, citizenship. Durkheim, Weber, Mead, etc. Philosophy of education– theory and practice; trends in philosophy of education, humanism, progressivism, reconstructionism, empiricism, modernism, structuralism, critical theory, hermeneutics, constructivism, phenomenology. Rousseau, Karl Marx, John Dewey, Vygotsky, etc.
 
PST1102               Communication & public relations                                             
Principles and theory of communication and media; conventions, appropriate use of voice, language and register; vocabulary and use of specialist/technical language; verbal/nonverbal communication; oral/written communication, bibliography and referencing; study skills; questioning and communication skills in education/training; business communication skills– letters, memos, reports, meetings, interviews; explanatory skills; diplomacy, tolerance and assertiveness; international communication, information technology and globalisation. Public relations, theories and approaches, corporate image, advertising and marketing, conflict resolution.
 
PST1103               STEM Learning and teaching strategies                                   
Instructional design and planning; Analysing learning situations and contexts. Prior learning; students' individual and collective needs; curriculum specifications, operational content, aims and objectives. Behavioural approach to objectives. Taxonomies of objectives. Inputs to teaching and learning; Planning for different types of teaching and learning strategies for groups and individuals Selecting a strategy according to appropriate criteria. Determining sequence, activities and organisation of training sessions. Teaching methods – lecture, discussion, simulations, case studies, games, role play, projects, assignments, groupwork, experiential learning, programmed learning, demonstration, effective questioning.  Competence-based- education, performance criteria and range statements.. Work-based experience (WBE) preparation and coordination. Specific subject teaching methods.
 
PST1130               Coordinate geometry and circular measure                                            
Length, gradients, mid-points and equations of line segments, parallel, perpendicular and intersecting lines, solutions of equations, tangents to curves, repeated roots; radians and degrees, arc length and sector area.
 
PST1131               Engineering Mathematics 1/Calculus 1                     
Introductory topics, indices and logarithms, formulae, mensuration, trigonometry, force and moments, estimating and costs. Series, arithmetic and geometric progressions, convergence, sum to infinity, gradient of a curve, the chain rule, tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, rates of change, stationary points. Polynomials, discriminant, real roots, solving quadratic equations, domain, range, one-one functions, graphical illustrations. Calculus, differentiation, integration, applications of arc length, area, volumes, moments of inertia, centroids. Vector  and scalar products. Equations of lines and planes. Matrices basic operations, rank, inverse Gaussian elimination, Cramer’s rule. Determinants, Eigen values and Eigen vectors. Ordinary differential equations. Applications of First order differential equations: mechanical and electrical engineering problems. Elementary functions including Hyperbolic functions and their inverses, Differentiation technique; Leibnitz’s Rule, Hospital’s Rule. Applications of differentiation: maxima and minima, kinematics. Integration techniques, Reduction formula. Integration of complex functions, integration by substitution, trigonometric relationships, trapezium rule, graphical determination, integration by parts. Applications of Integration: arc-length, area, volume, moments of inertia, centroids.
 
PST1132                Quadratic equations and functions                                           
Completing the square for ax2 + bx + c, locate vertex of graph and sketch, discriminant of quadratic polynomial, solve equations, linear and quadratic inequalities, solution by substitution, functions, domain, range, one-one function, inverse, composition of functions, graphical illustrations.
 
PST1133               Mathematical foundations of computer science                                     
Sets, relations, function. Discrete probability. Combinatory, Propositional logic, first-order predicate logic. Reasoning about programs, axiomatic semantics, pre/post-conditions, loop invariants, Order statistics, recurrence relations, application to searching and sorting, probability, programming in Haskell.
 
PST 1134              Introduction to Probability Theory                                              
Meaning of Probability, Elementary Probability Rules, Bayes’ Theorem, Counting Techniques: Basic counting rules Permutations, Combinations, Methods of Approximations, Frequency Distributions and Summary Measures, Sampling
 
PST1135               Cell biology                                        
Microscope techniques, typical plant and animal cell ultra-structure, cell organelles, eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, fluid-mosaic model of cell membrane, cell transport processes, water potential, etc.
 
PST1136               Biochemistry                                     
Structure, classification, formation and functions of macromolecules, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and vitamins, the chemistry of water in living organisms.
 
PST1139               Biodiversity                                       
The five-kingdom classification of living organisms, phyla, genus and species of a few typical examples, microscopic and macroscopic observations and drawings, maintenance of biodiversity, protection of endangered species.
 
PST 1140              Mathematics for Chemists                                            
Linear Algebra: matrices, operations, inverses, determinants, eigenvalues and solutions of linear equations. Functions: exponential and logarithmic. Calculus: idea of limit and continuity; differentiations; and integration.
 
PST1141               Inorganic chemistry I                      
Atomic structure. Atomic and molecular orbitals. Molecular shape and electronic structure. Bonding in covalent and ionic compounds. Principles of stoichiometry. Mass and composition changes in chemical reactions.
 
PST 1160              Financial accounting 1A                                
The module focuses on the principles and techniques of financial accounting and their application to the preparation of financial statements of the sole traders, partnerships, limited companies and non-profit making organisations. The role of the International Accounting standards and how to interpret them. Other topics to be covered include partnerships (excluding partnership changes), cash book, bank reconciliations, presentation of financial statements, revenue, property plant and equipment
 
PST 1161              Principles of management                                            
Development of management as a function in business, organizational structures, decision making, communication, centralization and decentralization, delegation and leadership controlling and budgetary and non-budgetary controls. The role of operations management in the organization.
 
PST 1162              Microeconomics                               
Microeconomic issues and problems, competition and monopoly, pricing, consumer demand, and producer supply; theoretical framework for microeconomic analysis; applying theory to practical domestic and international economic policy problems; introduction to supply and demand and the basic forces that determine equilibrium in a market economy, learning about consumer behaviour and analysing consumer decisions; firms and their decisions about optimal production, and the impact of different market structures on firms' behaviour; introduction to more advanced topics that can be analysed using microeconomic theory, e.g. international trade, the impact of uncertainty on consumer behaviour, the operation of capital markets, equity vs. efficiency trade-offs in economic policy and social insurance; introductory microeconomic theory, solving basic microeconomic problems, policy questions relevant to the operation of the real economy.
 
PST 1172              Electricity and magnetism                                            
The static electricity fields, coulomb’s law and the electric field. Motion of point of charge in electric field. Lines of force, electric dipoles in electric fields, electric flux. Gauss’s law and its applications. Potential of a system, electric scalar potential. Capacitors in circuits, their energy, dielectrics and applications of static electricity. Simple electrostatic phenomena concept of an electric field, force between point charges, electric field of a point of charge, electric potential. Coulomb’s law, Concept of magnetic field, electric current and resistance: electric conductors, Kirchoff’s laws, Wheapstone’s bridge, thermo-electricity; magnetic fields: Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s and Lenz’s law.
 
PST1175               Community and society                 
Ethics and ICT, Computing applications that address social needs such as basic health, rural health issues, rural education needs, water and shelter needs.  E-governance and e-government that improves democracy.  Computer applications that address environment concerns such as climate change.  Policies and applications that can reduce the digital divide.
 
PST1209               Introductory Statistics                                                    
Descriptive and inferential statistics in science, education and research, methods of summarizing and interpreting data, frequency distribution, measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, fractiles, measures of strength and association. (X-ref SMA2204)
 
PST 1212              Computer applications in Education I                                        
Word Processing: Creating a document, correction of text, deletion and insertion, saving documents, retrieving a document, using HELP facility, printing documents, mail merge; Editing and Manipulating Documents: mark block of text, find and replace, move block of text, tabulation, indentation, underline, justify, use Equation Editor; Spread Sheet: Creating a spread sheet (Excel), entering labels, saving, deleting and inserting rows and columns, decimal places, currency, use of functions e.g. Sum, Ave etc; Graphics: Produce graphs using MS word and excel, use of Title, Legend etc, Print graphs; Drawing: Draw diagrams using MS word and paint, copying diagrams, moving diagrams, Flipping/ Rotating diagrams, shading; Power Point; Creating slides, titles and subtitles, Slide Sort View, insert new slide, adding pictures to slides, change slide background, Send to back, change font, Fill effects, Add colour, Slide transition, Slide show.
 
PST1213               Educational technology                                 
Using appropriate technology for teaching and training. The chalk board. The white board. The overhead projector.  The slide projector. The video recorder. Use of video and television in the classroom. Basic use of computers for producing training materials.  Presentation techniques using multimedia packages, e-learning fundamentals.
 
PST1230               Trigonometry                                    
Sine, cosine and tangent functions and graphs in degrees and radians, ratios for 300, 450, 600 and related angles, inverse trig functions, identities, solutions in a specified interval, secant, cosecant and cotangent functions, use of trigonometric identities
 
PST1231               Engineering Mathematics II/Calculus II                                      
Derivatives of ex, ln x, sin x, cos x, tan x, differentiate products and quotients, first derivative. Integrate (ax + b)n with constant sums, multiples and differences, solving problems, evaluate definite integrals, areas of regions and volumes of revolution. Laplace Transforms, Applications of Laplace Transforms: First order and Second order differential equations. Fourier series, Applications of Fourier series: electrical engineering problems. Double integrals, Applications of double integrals: area and volume. Triple integrals, Applications of triple integrals: volume. Polar coordinates, Complex numbers, De Moiré’s Theorem, Applications of Complex numbers: Phasors of electrical problems.
 
PST1232               Linear Algebra                                  
Solving equations and inequalities, division of polynomials by linear and quadratic equations, factor theorem and remainder theorem, |x| and its applications in solving equations and inequalities, partial fractions and decomposition, expansion of (1 + x)n, general term and standard series. Linear algebra: scalar and vector product; collinear, coplanar vectors; vector spaces; equations of lines and planes; matrices: products, sums, echelon, rank, inverse, determinants; Gauss method, Cramer’s rule. (X-Ref SMA 1102)
 
PST1234               Statistical inference I                                       
 
PST1236               Enzymes and enzyme biotechnology                                        
Characteristics and classification of enzymes, mode of action, activation energy, factors affecting enzyme action, inhibitors, elementary enzyme biotechnology, enzyme and cell immobilization, synthesis of chemicals, drugs, food.
 
PST1237               Gaseous exchange and transport                               
Microscopic structure of trachea, bronchioles, alveoli, arteries, veins, capillaries and blood cells, the process of gaseous exchange in humans, tobacco and smoking-related diseases, e.g. coronary heart disease, the heart and the cardiac cycle. Plant transport, transpiration and translocation, symplastic pathways, mass flow hypothesis.
 
PST1238               Genetics                                             
The structure of DNA and RNA, Watson - Crick Model, base pairing, structural formula of bases, replication of DNA, amino acid coding, transcription and translation, roles of mRNA, tRNA and rRNA.
 
PST 1240              Chemical energetics                                      
First Law of Thermodynamics, calorimetry (constant pressure and volume), enthalpy, Hess’s Law, standard enthalpies of formation, entropy, standard molar entropies, Third Law, Second Law and derivation of Gibbs free energy, standard free energies of formation, free energy and spontaneity, relationship between free energy.
 
PST 1240a           Atoms, stoichiometry and bonding                                           
Relative atomic and molecular masses; the mole and Avogadro constant; empirical and molecular formulae. Atomic structure: electrons, protons and neutrons; nuclear structure; electronic structure and atomic orbitals; isotopes. Bonding: ionic, covalent and coordinate; molecular orbitals; hybridisation; molecular geometry; intermolecular bonding.
 
PST 1241              Group II, VI and VII elements                                       
Group II: Similarities and trends in the properties of elements. Group IV: variation in melting points and electrical conductivities; bonding, molecular shape, volatility and hydrolysis of the tetrachlorides; bonding, acid/ base nature and thermal stability of the oxides; relative stabilities of oxidation states for the elements in their oxides and aqueous cations. Group VII: physical properties; reactivity as oxidising agents; reactions of the halide ion; reactions with aqueous sodium hydroxide.
 
PST 1242              Organic chemistry I
Empirical, molecular and structural formula; Bonding and shapes of organic molecules; Functional groups and the naming of organic compounds; Characteristic organic reactions; Isomerism; Physical and chemical properties of aliphatic hydrocarbons.
 
PST 1242a           Structure of organic molecules                                  
Structural, displayed and skeletal formulae exemplified by alkanes, alkenes and arenes
 
PST 1260              Financial accounting 1B                                
A continuation of Financial accounting 1A partnership changes, statement of cash flows and the role of social accounting with regard to climate change. Accounting for Non Profit making organisations, incomplete records.
 
PST 1261              Corporate & business law                                             
The module explores the role of law in a system of governance, sources of law, contracts, case, agency, corporate governance and ethics, economic, political and legal systems, obligations and risk contracts for obligation sales. Organization as a legal persona
 
PST 1262              Macroeconomics                                             
Economics at national level, the role of the central government, monopolies and oligopolies, consolidation of household behaviour.
 
PST1270               Oscillations and waves                                  
Simple harmonic motion dumped and forced oscillations. Waves: refraction of light, progressive waves, transverse and longitudinal waves, polarization, electromagnetic waves. Superposition: stationary waves, diffraction, interference, two – source interference patterns.
 
PST1274 Modern Physics                              
Electrons, beams of charged particles, energy of a photon, photo electrics emission of electrons, wave particle duality, energy levels in atoms, line spectra, nuclear atom, nucleus, isotopes, mass excess and nuclear energy, nuclear processes.
 
PST1275               Introduction to computers                                            
Information Society, History of Computers; Data and Information; number system and arithmetic; data representation; basic computer components:-CPU, I/O units. Storage; Brief concepts of computer language and programming techniques; high/low level languages, compiler, interpreter, grammar, recursion, simple data structures (array, lists, trees, hash tables, queues & stacks) problem solving. Algorithms: Sorting, compression, numerical and encryption, operating system and its function:- process and memory management, I/O, data communication job control. Processing:-File structures, organization and access, databases; Fundamentals of Network, a simple program, initialization, printing, comments, keyboard, constants, assignments and expressions.
 
PST1277               Business information systems                                    
The business environments; organizations as systems: goal setting and decision making. IT strategy and information systems objectives. Frameworks used for analysis organizational systems. Types of information system: transaction processing, operational control, MIS, DSS and Expert Systems. The process of system development: the systems of life cycle, the phases within it and the activities and documentation appropriate to each phase. Other development strategies include 4GLs, prototyping and evolutionary development. The anatomy of a system: project organization and project management. The analysis and design of information systems, physical of information systems and implementation and post implementation activities.
 
PST2104               Curriculum development and evaluation                                  
Curriculum terminology and concepts; ideology and philosophy underpinning curriculum planning, development and evaluation. Curriculum needs assessment models. The impact of social, economic, political, technological, psychological, philosophical and cultural, environmental influences on the curriculum. Process and product models of curriculum development; objectives models e.g. Tyler, Wheeler; decision-making models e.g. Stufflebeam (CIPP); Designing/developing, delivering and evaluating a curriculum. Curriculum change and innovation; strategies for change (Havelock’s RD&D, SI, PS, L). Evaluating the overall effectiveness of curricula. Curriculum evaluation models. Module design and production. Varying modes of delivering the curriculum, including flexible, distance, open and resource-based learning, and independent study. Examples of curriculum projects in Zimbabwe and internationally. Concept maps and hierarchies, concept analysis. Roles of CRADU, CDU, RCZ, SIRDC.
 
PST 2105              Testing, assessment and evaluation                                          
The purposes and methods of assessment; formal/informal; formative/summative; norm/criterion referenced; objective/subjective. Characteristics, strengths and weaknesses of a range of testing methods. Examinations: processing and administration; item writing; specification grids; examination results grading systems; item analysis; examination boards: HEXCO, ZIMSEC, etc; standardized tests; continuous and terminal assessment; portfolio and project assessment; the effects of assessment on learners and teachers; evaluation; the effectiveness of learning sessions and programmes; quality control techniques and accreditation; trade testing and competency-based testing.
 
PST2116               Science, technology and society                                
Contemporary society and global culture; social stratification, western science and the scientific method in problem solving, science and technology for rural/urban environments, industrialization and automation; government policies on science and technology, appropriate technology in energy, water, sanitation and health issues; science and technology ethics and social responsibility.
 
PST2130               Vectors                                
Standard notations for vectors, addition, subtraction, multiplication, unit, displacement and position vectors, magnitude of a vector and scalar product, perpendicularity, intersection and skew of lines, angle between lines, lines and planes, perpendicular distance.
 
PST2131               Ordinary Differential Equations                   
First order ordinary differential equations: separable , linear , Exact, integrating factor. Bernoulli Equations. Application of First Order differential equations, Second Order equations. Linear equations and linear differential operators. Linear independence, Wronskian. Ordinary Linear Differential Equations with constant coefficients and undetermined coefficients. Variation of parameters. Laplace transforms and applications.  Predator-prey and Volterra-Litka equations.  Series solution of ordinary differential equations; Frobenius method, Legendre polynomials and Bessel functions.
 
PST2132               Linear Programming                       
Linear programming, model formulation, graphical LP solution, Solution of Maximisation and minimisation models, degeneracy, feasible solution, optimality condition, Linear Programming applications to real-life situations, simplex, Simplex Tableau computations, Big M method. Computer solution with Excel solver and AMPL. Duality; sensitivity analysis, sensitivity analysis with Tora, Excel solver and AMPL. Transportation Models: transportation algorithm( North-west corner, Least cost method, Vogel’s Approximation  Method) , Balanced and unbalanced problems,  Assignment models(Hungarian). Network models : minimum spanning algorithm, shortest route  algorithm, linear programming application, maximal flow models.
 
PST2133               Probability Theory                           
Probability, Axioms, mutually and independent events, Probability tree diagrams , Law of total probability, Conditional probability,  Baye’s  Rule . Common discrete distributions: Bernoulli and Binomial Uniform, hypergeometric , Geometric,  Poisson, Use of Binomial and Poisson tables. Common Continuous Distributions: Uniform, Normal, Exponential. Normal approximation to binomial and to Poisson etc. Use of Z- tables. Moment and probability generating functions. Properties of moment generating functions, Joint Probability Distributions and marginal distribution. Markov and Chebshev’s inequalities.
 
PST2134               Further Statistics                                             
Statistical distributions, regression, standard error, sampling, confidence intervals, measurement error, hypothesis and significance tests, Discrete and continuous probability distributions, point estimation/tests of hypothesis, z, t, Χ2 tests and distributions, design and analysis of experiments, principles, one-way ANOVA. (Pre-requisite: PST1209)
 
PST2135               Cell and nuclear division                               
Mitosis and its role in growth, repair and asexual reproduction, the cell cycle, DNA replication, uncontrolled cell division resulting in tumours and cancers. Meiosis and gamete formation, stages and sub-phases of meiosis, haploid and diploid cells, homologous chromosomes.
 
PST2136               Biostatistics/Biomathematics                      
Application of statistical methods in biology, environmental science, public health and medicine; design of experiments; collection, analysis and interpretation of data; data from ecology, microbiology and genomic studies; experiments with cells and organisms, and clinical trials.
 
PST2139               Ecology and ecosystems                                              
Ecological organization, biosphere, biomes, habitats, niches, population, ecosystems, food chains and webs, biotic/abiotic environments, trophic levels and energy flow, nutrient cycles, e.g. Nitrogen. (X-ref ESH1203)
 
PST 2140              States of matter                               
The gaseous state: Gas laws; Ideal gas behaviour; the kinetic theory of gases. The liquid state: The kinetic concept of the liquid state; vaporisation and boiling; freezing; phase equilibria and diagrams. The solid state: Properties of solids; types of solid crystals; lattice structures.
 
PST 2141              Inorganic Chemistry II                   
Group II; IV; and VII elements. Structure and bonding; physical properties; trends amongst elements; synthesis; chemical properties; compounds and uses.
 
PST 2142              Organic chemistry II                                       
Structure, nomenclature, synthesis and reactions of halogenoalkanes; carbonyl compounds; alcohols; and carboxylic acids.
 
PST 2142a           Hydrocarbons and carbonyl compounds                                
Alkanes; e.g. ethane; alkanes e.g. ethane. Arenes; e.g. benzene and methylbenzene. Hydrocarbons as fuels.  Hydroxyl compounds; alcohols e.g. ethanol and phenol.  Aldehydes and ketones – their structure
 
PST 2143              Chemical and ionic equilibria                                      
(I)  Reversible reactions; dynamic equilibrium
(i)  Factors affecting chemical equilibria
(ii) The Haber process and contact process
(II) Ionic Equilibria
Chemical equilibria; ionic equilibria; complex formation, precipitation and their application.
 
PST 2160              Financial accounting IIA                                
The module builds on the foundation laid by Financial Accounting I, partnership conversion to a limited company, understanding the nature of current accounts for individual partners, published accounts, and comprehensive statement of cash flows, events after the reporting period,
 
PST 2161              Human resources management                                  
The operative function of the human resources management, the role of the labour act, bargaining power of labour. Labour as a factor of production.It involves leadership, values, employment planning, recruiting and selecting employees, training and compensating them, and evaluating their performance. It also significantly influences the corporate culture.
 
PST 2163              Management & Cost accounting IA                                            
The module aims at providing an understanding of the principles, concepts and techniques of management and cost accounting and helps the students develop an ability to apply this knowledge to practical situations. Cost control and computation.
 
PST2171               Mechanics and relativity                                
Force as a vector, components and resultants, forces at equilibrium, normal and frictional components of a force, ‘smooth’ contact model, limiting friction and limiting equilibrium, coefficient of friction, Newton’s third law, distance, speed, displacement, velocity and acceleration, scalar and vector, graphs and areas under graphs and gradients, using differentiation and integration to solve problems, moments of a force, centre of mass, coplanar forces, sum of the moments, equilibrium of a body under the action of coplanar forces. Rectilinear motion, non – linear motion, kinetics of uniform, circular motion, centripetal acceleration, centripetal force.
 
PST2172               Circuit Theory                   
Resistive Circuits: Ohms Law, Nodes, Branches and Loops, Kirchhoffs Laws, Series Equivalents and Voltage Division, Parallel Equivalents and Current Division, Wye-Delta Transformation.
 Analysis Method: Nodal Analysis, Circuit Containing Voltage Sources, Mesh Analysis, Circuit Containing Current Sources. Nodal versus Mesh Analysis.
 Network Theorems: Linearity and Proportionality, Superposition, Thevenin Theorem, Norton Theorem, Maximum Power Theorem.
OP AMPS: Operational Amplifiers, Role of Negative Feedback, Operational Amplifier Building Block Circuits, Interconnecting Op Amp Building Blocks. Virtual Short Principle for Op Amps.
 Energy Storage Elements: Capacitors, Energy Storage in Capacitors, Series and Parallel Capacitors, Inductors, Energy Storage in Inductors, Series and Parallel Inductors, DC Steady State, Practical Capacitor and Inductors.
First- Order Circuits: Simple RC and RL Circuits without Sources, Time Constants, General First-Order Circuits without Sources, Circuits with DC Sources, Superposition in First-Order Circuits, Unit Step Function, Step and Pulse Responses.
Second-Order Circuits: Circuits with Two Storage Elements, Second Order Equations, Natural Response, Forced Response, Total Response, Unit Step Response.
AC Circuits; Sinusoids and Phasors; Sinusoidal Steady state Analysis; AC Power Analysis; Three Phase Circuits; Magnetically Coupled Circuits
 
PST2172a            Current Electricity                                            
Electric current, potential difference, resistance and resistivity, sources of electromotive force. Direct current circuits: practical circuits, conservation of change and energy, balanced potentials, laws of electromagnetic induction.
 
PST2176               Databases concepts and data processing                                
Database terms; Database management systems (DBMS) and models: Entity-relationship model. Database security; The relational model, comparison of files and database systems; The SQL language, database design, ER or relational mapping, normalization, aspects of physical database access: database transactions, embedded SQL (PL/SQL), cursors, distributed databases. Client-server database systems, Higher-level and extended data models, Object-oriented data models; SQL3. Requirements of multimedia databases.
 
PST2177               Programming and program design                                             
Application of set theory to program specification; Program design through pseudo code; JSP; Klarner, O, Diagrams; Types of systems: generic system development life cycle(SDLC) stages and  design aspects. Programming languages and visual basic programming. Application of set theory to program specification, program design through pseudo code.
 
PST2178               Operating systems concepts                                        
Overview of operating systems, operating system organization and services, computer design, the hardware and its interface, device management, I-O management: creating virtual device abstractions, Support for processes and threads, job scheduling, disk scheduling, file system. Protection(privacy) and security, process management, synchronization, file management, filing systems, interface and implementation. Backup and archiving, distributed operating systems and file systems. Case studies drawn from UNIX, MS-DOS, File and directory structure and Data transmission.
 
PST2203               Methods of Teaching Mathematics                                             
Theories specific to the learning of Mathematics: Constructivism Learning theory, Realistic Mathematics Education Approach, Problem solving, The Japanese Lesson Study, Activity-based Facilitation and Project Method; Philosophical issues in Mathematics: Mathematics Education. Forms of knowledge in mathematics: Conceptual Vs Procedural knowledge, Technological and Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK Model); Inductive and Deductive reasoning. Assessment in Mathematics Education: Assessment tools and test construction in Secondary schools, Bloom’s taxonomy and Test blue print (Specification grid). Contemporary issues in Mathematics: Gender differential, Attitudes and Mathematics anxiety, Culture and Mathematics (Ethnomathematics), ICT integration in Mathematics Education; use of scientific and graphing calculators.
 
PST2208               Leadership & Supervision in STEM education                                        
The administration of education; administrative tasks; school-based management; results-based management; power, authority, leadership and institutional governance; leadership styles; school effectiveness; change and improvement; quality control; delegation, decentralization, empowerment. Models of supervision. X-Ref PST5208.
 
PST 2211              Research methods                                          
Origins and purpose of research-based practice; the role of the teacher/trainer as a researcher and reflective practitioner; features and purposes of qualitative and quantitative research methods; types of research and designs; research and development (R&D); ethical issues and problems in educational, scientific and technology research; codes of conduct of various research institutions and organisations; accessing research information; data collection methods; populations and samples; proposal and report writing; research in curriculum development; preparation for final year project.
 
PST 2212              Computer Applications in Education II                                      
Microsoft office applications for educators, the use of modern methods of instruction in Education - Recording of podcasts (adobe audition, audacity), internet and intranets in education, social media for educators, e-learning (synchronous and asynchronous), the interactive white board  as a tool in modern education. The module shall also cover fundamentals of cybercrime and how it can be managed. 
 
PST2230               Vector Analysis                                 
Review of algebra; vector–valued functions, Differentiation of vector functions: derivatives of vector functions,  Limits and continuity of vector functions, partial differentiation of vector functions ,space curves, Curvature and torsion, Scalar fields - directional derivatives  of a scalar field; gradient of scalar fields, Laplacian of a scalar field, Vector fields : divergence and curl of vector fields, Laplacian operator: Conservative solenoidal and irrotational vector fields, line and surface integrals, Integral theorem: Green’s theorem, Gauss’ divergence theorem, Stoke’s theorem, and their applications, Orthogonal curvilinear coordinates.
 
PST2230a             Logarithmic and exponential functions                                     
Logarithms and indices, laws of logarithms, ex and ln x  and their graphs, solving equations, gradients and intercepts, transforming to linear form, unknown constants by gradient and intercepts.
 
PST2231               Numerical solutions of equations                                               
Graphical location of roots of an equation, sequence of approximations, iteration, conditions of convergence.
 
PST2232               Advanced linear algebra                                
Linear transformations operations on linear operators, change of basis, kernel and image of a linear mapping. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, characteristic equation. Properties of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, orthogonality of eigenvectors, geometric and algebraic multiplicity of eigenvalues. Application of diagonalisation of matrices,  quadratic and bilinear forms, Jordan, Normal form of a matrix , Quadratic forms. Orthogonal matrices and theorems. Method of Gramm-Schimdt, Unitary matrices , Inner product vector spaces and Cauchy Schwarz inequality. The Cayley Hamilton Theorem and its applications. Symmetric, Skew-Symmetric, Hermitian and Skew-Hermitian matrices definitions and properties.
 
PST2233               Linear models                                   
Regression:  Simple linear regression model. Residual analysis. Scatter plots and correlation( product moment and Spearman Brown correlation coefficients ,Coefficient of determination , Least squares method. Full rank linear regression model,  Multiple regression Model. General linear hypothesis. Stepwise methods. ANOVA(one and two way). Design Matrix, Quality of prediction and hat matrix. Matrix representation covariance matrix. Design and Analysis of Experiments, completely randomized design, randomized complete block design,  Latin squares, factorial experiments. Time Series : seasonal ,trend, cyclical and random (residual) factor, Moving averages and   smoothing, Predictions.
 
PST2234               Probability and random variables                               
Evaluation of probabilities, enumeration of equiprobable elementary events, calculation using permutations and combinations, exclusive and independent events, conditional probabilities, constructing probability distribution tables for discrete random variables, binomial distribution, linear combinations of random variables, normal and Poisson distributions, probability density function for continuous variables, calculation of mean and variance
 
PST2237               Bioenergetics                                    
Energy needs in organisms, anabolic and catabolic reactions, biological oxidation and phosphorylation, structure, synthesis and role of ATP, aerobic and anaerobic respiration processes, glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, respiratory quotient, respirometry, lipid metabolism and regulation.
 
PST2238               Inherited change                                              
Linking meiosis to variation in organisms, genetic transfer from parent to offspring, genotype and phenotype, Mendelian genetics, mono/dihybrid crosses, dominance, alleles, sex linkage, autosomal linkage, epistasis, Χ2 tests for test crosses, mutations, effects of the environment
 
PST2239               Human disease and immunity                                      
Infectious and non-infectious human diseases- cholera, malaria, tuberculosis, smallpox, measles, HIV/AIDS, cancers, sickle cell anaemia, causative and transmitting organisms (life cycles), social, biological and economic factors in prevention and control, global patterns, antibiotics, the immune system, phagocytes and lymphocytes, immune response, antibodies, vaccination.
 
PST 2240              States of Matter                                 
Enthalpy changes: Hg formation, combustion, hydration, solution, neutralization and atomization; bond energy; lattice energy and election affinity
 
PST 2241              Transitional elements                                     
(i)  General physical and characteristic chemical properties of the first set of transitional elements, titanium to copper; (ii) Colour of complexes
d and f bock elements: General properties, electronic structure; Coordination compounds; Redox chemistry reactions and extraction of metals.
 
PST 2243              Polymers and polymerization                                     
(i)  addition polymerization
(ii) condensation polymerization
 
PST 2260              Financial accounting IIB                                
A continuation of Financial Accounting IB, the module aims at exposing students  to more accounting standards so as to interpret and apply them in various scenarios, financial analysis, ratio analysis and capital budgeting
 
PST 2263              Management and cost accounting IB                                         
Continuation of management and cost accounting IB topics include standard costing, Economic order quantity, budgeting, Capital budgeting.
 
PST 2264              Auditing                                              
The role of audit as well as the nature and scope of auditing principles and the application international standards of Auditors. The role of external auditors in conjunction with code of professional conduct and standards for professional behaviour. Internal control systems and ethical issues concerning audit engagements. Auditing I equips students to be able to understand and apply the principles of accounting systems and internal controls, to explain the principles and concepts underlying the audit function, and to discuss the professional environment and legal framework in which the auditor operates.
 
PST2271               Solid state physics                                          
Crystal Structure and Defects: Unit cell, crystal systems, elements of symmetry, Miller indices, diffraction, imperfections-vacancies, colour centers, dislocations. Burger's vector.
Lattice Vibration: Elastic waves. Density of states. Specifi c heat models of Einstein and Debye. Scattering of X-rays, neutrons and light by phonons.
Free-electron Model: Free electron gas. Electrical conductivity. Heat capacity of free electrons. Fermi surface. Thermionic emission.
Semi-conductivity: Fermi level, direct and indirect band gap semiconductors, conductivity, mobility and life times in intrinsic semiconductors, extrinsic semiconductors: p-type and n-type semiconductors. P-N juctions, light emitting-, zener -, tunnel diodes. Ohmic and non-ohmic contacts, Hall effect in semiconductors. Schottly barrier. Oxide and non-oxide semiconductors.
Magnetism: Classification as dia-, para-, ferro-, ferri- and antiferro-magnetics. Detailed study of the above. Domains and other macroscopic phenomena. Magnetic measurement techniques. Applications-magnetic bubbles, magnetic phase analysis of alloys, imaging etc.
Dielectrics and Ferro-electrics: Electric polarisation, Mechanisms of polarisation-electronic, ionic orientational and space charge, derivation as a function of temperature and frequency. Claussius Mossoti equation. Ferro-electrics-classifi cation, ferro- electric domains, pyro-electricity, and piezoelectric materials and applications.
Superconductivity: Theory of superconductivity, Meissner effect, flux quantization, types type II superconductors heat capacity, I applications.
 
PST 2277              Data structure and algorithms                                     
Problem solving, algorithms, compilation, variables, I/O, control structures, data structures, subprogram, files, data types, storage elements, control constructs, procedures, parameter passing and results, recursion, functional, imperative and logical programming, scope rules, extensibility, data structures:-pointers, linked lists, queues, stacks, tree and operations on them, divide and conquer, backtracking, space/time, trade-offs, data abstraction, sorting, hashing. System design approaches; computer arithmetic errors.
 
PST2278               Systems analysis and design                                      
Overview of system development life cycle, structured analysis and design, business systems and computer resources. Analysis phase and ad techniques used, data dictionaries, DFDs, database definitions and system maintenance, project planning and control; communication. Documentation and its standards. System security and integrity; prototyping, case studies of practical systems project.
 
PST 3000              Industrial Attachment/Work-based experience                                        0
Monitoring, assessment and evaluation of students’ teaching in their respective work places by tutors and local supervisors. Students shall produce a file, a log book and a written report on their experiences in their workplaces for their terminal assessment.
 
PST4010               Final Year Project                                              Credits: 20
A theoretical research, experimental or design project in the specialist subject of the candidate. The project counts as two taught modules and shall be carried out during the whole final year.
 
PST4109               Statistics for Educators                                 
Applications of descriptive and inferential statistics in education, Sampling theory, probability theory and distributions, the normal distribution, the binomial distribution, the Poisson distribution, applications of significance and hypothesis testing, Χ2 test, t-test, z-test (X-ref SMA2104)
 
PST4112               AutoCAD/CAD/CAM                                         
CAD, solid modelling, finite elements and other analysis methods, CAM, CNC machines. NC programming, CADACAM, introduction to CIM, introduction to computer-aided process planning, MRP, MRP II, process simulation, expert systems, robotics, sensing and vision systems.
 
PST4131               Partial differential equations and Fourier series                                     
Review of ODEs and Laplace Transforms Partial differentiation equations: Solving first order partial differentiation equations by integration and method of characteristics. Classification of second order partial differential equations with two independent variables. Derivation of the wave, heat, Laplace and Poisson equations. Solving second order Partial differentiation : change of variables, method of characteristics , separation of variables and Laplace transforms techniques. Fouries analysis:  Fourier series and Fourier transforms, Fourier sine and  cosine series. Half range Fourier series, convergence theorem.  Integration and differentiation of Fourier series.  Application of Fourier series to boundary value problems. Fourier transforms and inverse. Convolution theorem and its applications.  (X-ref SMA1204/2104.)
 
PST4132               Real analysis                     
Introduction to Analysis: Review of real number system, countability of real number system, field axioms, order axioms. Completeness, supremum, infirmum, Limits of sequences. Neighbourhoods, limits and interior points, open sets, closed sets, convergence, Cauchy sequence, bounded sequences, subsequences, Bolzano-Weitrass theorem. Cauchy-Schwartz inequality, Pythagoras Theorem; Differentiability  continuous functions, Uniform continuity, Intermediate value theorem. Integration: Riemann integrals, properties of Riemann Integrals, proofs on Riemann Integrals; Study of measure theory and the Lebesgue Integral, Fubini’s theorem.
 
PST4134               Survey and sampling methods                                    
Sample survey and questionnaire design, postal and telephone questionnaires, interviewer-administered questionnaires. Errors in sample surveys. Ratio and regression estimators, separate and combined ratio estimators. Sampling methods, Simple random sampling, sample size estimation. Systematic sampling. Stratified populations and stratified simple random sampling. Optimum allocation and Neyman allocation. Cluster and multi-stage sampling; the application of computer based test statistics; System Application Statistics (SAS), Statistics Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) inference and Statistic.
 
PST4134a             Statistical distributions                                  
The normal distribution for continuous random variables, the normal distribution tables, solving problems, relation of normal to the binomial distribution, the Poisson distribution, mean and variance, relation to the binomial distribution and the normal distribution and calculations.
 
PST4135               Biotechnology                                  
Molecular biology, microorganism cultures and industrial applications, DNA recombination, DNA libraries, gene transfer, penicillin production and use, monoclonal antibodies, bio- and genetic engineering, fingerprinting, gene technology in insulin production. Genetic screening and genetic counseling.
 
PST4137               Plant physiology                                              
Conversion of light energy in plant cells, photoactivation, photolysis, cyclic/non-cyclic photophosphorylation, the Calvin cycle, photorespiration, C3 and C4 pathways, Kranz anatomy, CAM plants. Leaf structure, chloroplasts, investigation of limiting factors, absorption and action spectra, chromatography.
 
PST4138               Evolution and selection                                 
Principles of natural and artificial selection, variation, linking natural selection to evolution, Darwin’s theory, environmental effects on populations, allele frequencies in populations, isolation and species formation, examples of artificial selection.
 
PST4139               Crop plant productivity I (Elective)                                              
Plant sexual/asexual reproduction, pollination, double fertilization, fruit and endosperm (in maize) seed formation and dormancy, plant growth regulators, anatomy and physiology of C4 plants, arid (sorghum) and wet (rice) land plants, hybridization, inbreeding, genetic modification.
 
PST4141               Nitrogen and Sulphur                                     
Nitrogen reactivity; use in formation of ammonia (NH3), Nitric acid and fertilizers.  Impact of nitrogen oxides and nitrates on the environment.  Sulphur and formation of oxides resulting in acid rain formation.  Sulphur oxide as a food preservative
 
PST4142               Halogen compounds                                      
(I)  Halogenalkanes and halgenoarenes
(i) Nucleophilic substitution;
(ii) Hydrolysis
(iii) Formation of nitriles, primary amines
(iv) Elimination
(II) Relative strength of the C-Hal bond
 
PST4143               Application of analytical chemistry                                            
  1. method of detection and analysis
  2. Application of chemistry in society
 
PST4144               Electrochemistry                                            
Redox processes; electrode potentials; standard electrode (Redox); standard cell potentials; batteries and fuel cells
 
PST4160               Financial reporting I (Elective)                                      
The module focuses on accounting theory, application of various standards with a bias towards the disclosure in the published financial statements, the objectives of financial reports. The emphasis is on applying the principles learned in Financial accounting 1 and 2 in more applied situations as part of the process towards developing the ability to prepare financial reports. Students shall be expected to apply the accounting rules contained in IFRSs and IASs dealing with reporting performance, non-current assets, including their impairment, inventories, disclosure of related parties to a business, construction contracts (and related financing costs),post-balance sheet events, provisions, contingencies, and leases (lessee only).
 
PST4161               Principles of marketing                                  
The marketing functions and the environment of marketing, marketing research, the marketing mix, consumer behaviour, the social responsibility of marketing appreciation of customer care and retention as well as strategies employed by industry to retain customers.
 
PST4162               Entrepreneurship (Elective)                                          
The nature of entrepreneurship; the evolving nature of entrepreneurship, understanding entrepreneurship in individuals, environmental assessment; preparation for a new venture; marketing research for new ventures, financial preparation for entrepreneurship ventures, developing effective business plans; sources of capital  for entrepreneurs; assessment and evaluation of entrepreneurial opportunities, structuring and legal issues associated with new Business ventures; strategic planning for emerging ventures, entrepreneurship and the global environment  (x ref CBU4109)
 
PST4163               Management & cost accounting II                               
The module is a continuation of Management & Cost Accounting IA however, deals with the tools and techniques that generate information needed to evaluate and control present and projected performance. Thus, forecasting key variables, recognising uncertainties attached to future events, is a basis for budget construction; the budget is then used with costing systems to evaluate actual performance. Project appraisal relies similarly on future financial projections to provide the information on which managers can evaluate expected performance and actual outcomes. Budgeting and project appraisal emphasise the critical importance of optimising cash flow and the module continues this theme from the perspective of management.
 
PST4170               Quantum Mechanics (Elective)                                    
Schrödinger’s theory of Quantum Mechanics: The wave function and its required properties.
The probability densities.  Solution of the time- independent Schrodinger equation for all known simple potentials including the harmonic Oscillator-Hermite polynomial.
Operator algebra: Hermiticity of Operators: Communicators. The Hamiltonian. The equation of Motion. The eigen values and eigen functions.  Observables and expectation values.
The one electron atoms:  Spherical Harmonics. Quantum numbers. Selection rules. Angular momentum.  The Zeeman Effect.  The electron spin the Stern-Gerlach experiment.  Addition angular momentum. The Spin Orbit interaction .Total Angular Momentum .Spin  -Orbit Interaction and the Hydrogen Energy levels.
Many –election atoms: Pauli  exclusion principle, electronic states. bonding in molecules and solids, the classical free electron model, Fermi energy. (X-ref SPH 2101)
 
PST4171               Relativity mechanics (Work, energy and power)                                    
Force, equilibrium of forces, centre of gravity, Newton’s law of motion, linear momentum ad its conservation, impulse turning effects of forces, energy conversion and conservation, work, potential energy, kinetic energy and internal energy. Power, gravitational field, force between point masses, field of a point mass, field near to the surface of earth, gravitational potential. Work done by a constant force, gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy, change in energy, work, conservation of energy, power, force and velocity, solution of problems, Hooke’s law, modulus of elasticity, elastic potential energy, forces due to elasticity.
 
PST4172               Statistical Mechanics                                      
Statistical systems micro canonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles. Phase space. Classical statistics: Liouville theorem. Entropy and thermodynamic probability. Partition function. Maxwell’s velocity distribution function. Equipartition of energy. Quantum statistics, statistics of fermions, cryogenics, superconductivity.
               
PST4173               Electromagnetism (Elective)                                       
Capacitors, inductors, generators and eddy currents. Electromagnetism and electromagnetic induction.
 
PST 4175              Computer communication and networking                                              
Keeping your information safe, active and passive attacks, digital signatures and cryptographic checksums, countering digital forgery and ensuring integrity. Types of networks; network topologies; network device types and  characteristics and media access. Networking technology overview, End-to-end protocols; the Internet protocol Suite overview; UDP, TCP – connection established and adaptive retransmission, RPC.  Congestion control, Resource allocation, Network performance, Network management
 
PST4178               Software engineering concepts                                   
Software life cycle. The software development process, Design objectives, Function oriented and objectives oriented design methodologies; documentation, implementation strategies, debugging, anti bugging, introduction to specifications, verification and validation, elementary proof of correctness, code and design reading, structured walkthroughs, testing strategies, software reliability issues, configuration management, cast tools, team project assignment.
 
PST4179               Operating systems and computer architecture                                       
Von Neumann architecture; pipelining; buses; memory mapping; interrupts; registers; addressing modes. Overview of operating systems structures, Operating system organization and services, Computer design, the hard ware and its interfaces; Device management, I-O management, Job scheduling, Disc scheduling, file systems, Protection and security, process management, synchronization and communication.  Memory management.  Filing systems, UNIX, MS-DOS, File Directory.  Buses, memory data representation; arithmetic operations, the ALU.  Control:  data path layout, controlling the fetch – decode-executive cycle, Instruction set design, Interfacing to the outside world, improving usability and performance.
 
PST 4208              Project development and management                                     
Project management in political, economic, social, technical, legal and environmental (PESTLE) issues; types of projects, the project life cycle; resources, time, costs, and quality; project planning, design and development; risks and contingency, the critical path method (CPM), project evaluation and review techniques (PERT); change management, research techniques and use of IT in project management, examples of projects in technical education; resources management, personnel, finance, time, materials, equipment and plant; investment, entrepreneurship and fundraising.
 
PST 4215              Quality and innovation in STEM education                              
Quality in education and training; collaboration and competition; quality circles; quality assurance; total quality management (TQM); quality control techniques; product development principles, organizational management structures and functions; processes of management; strategic planning and management, the role of research and development (R&D). Outcomes-based education (OBE).; Competency-based training, the competency model; elements of competence; performance criteria and indicators; range statements; skills and task analysis; job analysis; technical proficiency profiles; skilled and unskilled workmanship; trade testing; training assessment and measuring instruments.
 
PST4231               Numerical Methods                                         
Types, causes and sources of errors; strategies for reducing errors; Introduction to simple numerical methods for solving problems in Mathematics, Science and Finance, Simpson and Trapezium rule. Numerical methods for root-finding simple iterative method, the Newton–Raphson method, Bisection method, convergence of Bisection method, Regula Falsi or False Position method , Secant Method, Polynomial interpolation and splines. Solution of linear algebraic equations: direct and indirect methods. Numerical integration:  Newton Cote’s formulae, derivation of the trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules, Romberg integration, Gaussian quadrature formulae. Numerical integration of ODE’s, Euler and Taylor second order.  Runge-Kutta methods.
 
PST4232               Complex numbers                                           
Real and imaginary parts, modulus, argument, conjugate, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of complex numbers in Cartesian form, Argand diagram, multiplication and division of polar complex numbers, square roots, equations and inequalities involving complex numbers.
 
PST4233               Mechanics                                          
Particle  kinematics: displacement , velocity and acceleration of a vector , radius of curvature; normal and tangential acceleration, coordinate system (cartesian and polar),  Particle dynamics: Newton’s Laws of motion; Projectile motion: particle launched at  horizontal & inclined plane, Circular motion (vertical and Horizontal); Work , Energy and Power; momentum and collisions (direct impact) : Oscillations : Linear simple harmonic motion. Central forces, Orbits and Planetary Motion: Equations of motion and Potential energy for a particle in a central field; Conservation of energy.  Kepler’s law of planetary motion.
 
PST4234               Sampling, Estimation and hypothesis testing                                         
Populations and samples, random sampling methods, Central Limit theorem, calculation of ‘unbiased’ mean and variance, confidence intervals, one-tail and two-tail tests, hypothesis testing using Poisson and normal distribution, formulate hypotheses and test them, direct evaluation of probabilities and normal approximation, Type I and Type II error.
 
PST4236               Agricultural Biology (Elective)                                     
Molecular, cellular and physiological structure of plants and animals; Experimental biology techniques, plant and animal diversity, breeding and cultivation, agricultural productivity of cultured plants, domestic animals, and beneficial microorganisms; pest, weed and disease control; environmental management.
 
PST4237               Regulation and control                                   
Homeostasis, metabolic wastes, detoxification and excretion, kidney structure and function. Nervous coordination, sensory and motor neurons, synapse, action potential. Endocrine system, negative feedback processes. Plant communication, auxins, gibberellins, abscisic acid, etc.
 
PST4238               Reproduction, growth and development                                  
Histology of the mammalian ovary and testes, gametogenesis, hormonal control in the menstrual cycle, contraception and its implications, fertilization(in-vivo and in-vitro), embryo development, measurement of growth, growth rates.
 
PST4239               Crop plant productivity (Elective)                               
Plant-associated microbes; food crop challenges and benefits in association with microbes, soil and nutrient related factors to productivity, environmental factors; management of crops, harvest and storage; local, regional and international considerations in crop productivity.
 
PST 4240              Nuclear chemistry                                           
Fundamentals of nuclear behaviour; nuclear properties, radioactive decay and nuclear reactions; Applications of nuclear phenomena, biological effects of radiation; nuclear analytical techniques- tracers, radioisotope dating and nuclear power.
 
PST 4243              Environmental chemistry                               
The atmosphere, chemical processes and reactions, carbon cycle, greenhouse effect, soils, soil and water associations, ion exchange, water cycle, water treatment, sewage, BOD values, waste management, industrial waste.
 
PST 4244              Reaction kinetics                                            
(i)  Simple rate equations, orders of reaction; rate constants
(ii) Effect of temperature on rate constants; activation energy
(iii) Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts
 
PST 4261              Organisational behaviour                                              
The module looks into the behaviour theory, motivation theories and leadership theories. Models relevant to human productivity, satisfaction, retention, learning group behaviour
 
PST 4262              Strategic management                                   
The study of strategy formulation, the role of the mission and vision of the organization, decision making in the face of changing conditions. Organisational culture, change management and adaptation to technology. A view of effective administration of organizational process affecting behaviour.  Michael Porter’s five forces model and various strategies that may be taken by the organization.
 
PST 4263              Operations Management (Elective)                                             
The production function and basic characteristics of manufacturing (goods) and non – manufacturing operations (services). Analysis of major business decisions in process design, equipment selection and replacement; problems and solutions of allocating and capital resources of the form to product lines, stocks and production facilities. Costs, scale of production and break-even analysis, achieving quality production and location decisions (x ref CBU2108).
 
PST 4264              Introduction to taxation (Elective)                                                                               
The role of tax in an economy; the application of the Income tax Act section relevant to an individual and employment income. Allowable deductions: deferred tax, IAS12, computation of personal and corporate taxation; individual tax; gross income‚ gross income special inclusions‚ exemptions‚ allowable deductions‚ employees’ tax and provisional tax; trade‚ consumption taxes (VAT), stock‚ capital allowances‚ capital gains tax. All topics are taught at a basic level to introduce students to income tax legislation.
 
PST4270               Atomic and Nuclear Physics                                         
Shell model, Fermi gas and collecture model. Nuclear decay: alpha decay, basic alpha decay processes, theory of alpha  emission. Angular momentum and parity in alpha decay, alpha decay spectroscopy. The beta decay, Fermi theory of beta decay, energy release in beta decay, angular momentum and parity selection rules, forbidden decays, double beta decay, beta decay spectroscopy. Gamma decay: energetics of gamma decay, angular momentum and parity selection rules, internal convection, lifetimes of gamma ray spectroscopy, nuclear resonance, fluorescence and Mossbauer effect, nuclear reaction. Neutron physics, nuclear fusion, accelerators, application of nuclear physics.
 
PST4271               Classical Mechanics                                       
Fundamental forces: classification and unification. Inertia forces in linearly accelerating frame. Non – inertial systems. Lagrange’s and Hamilton’s formulation of mechanics. Generalized coordinates. Principles of least action. Lagrange’s equation of motion and applications. Simple and double pendulum, inclined plane. Orbital mechanics. Equivalence of Lagrange and Newtonian mechanics. Lagrange’s undetermined multipliers. Hamilton – Jacobi theory and relativity.
 
PST4274               Energy Physics                                
Sources of energy - primary and secondary. Solar energy, solar cells, solar panels. Other Non-conventional energy sources - wind, tide, chemical, geothermal etc. Efficiencies and application (X-Ref SPH4150).
 
PST4276/PDT4222            Graphic Design                
The nature and history of graphic design, Fundamental of computer graphics Two dimensional drawing( 2-D), Three dimensional drawing (3-D) in graphic design. ICT for designing. photo realism, retracing radiosity and particle tracing Digital drawing,  digital photography. Developing designs from digital images. Computer  design software and tools for graphic design.. Advertizing designs and print media. Development of graphic products, magazines, packing and posters. Designing using software e g., CorelDraw, Publisher, Photoshop and other software. : Color, textures, human visual system
 
PST4277 Database design and management
Introduction to Databases; Data versus Information; Types of Databases; Database Systems; Data Models; Data Modeling and Data Models; Business Rules; Evolution of Data Models; The Relational Database Model; Normalization of Database Tables; Introduction to Structured Query Language (SQL); Basic Data Retrieval.
Database Design; The Information System; The Database Life Cycle; Business Intelligence and Data Warehouses; Database Administration and Security; Developing a Data Administration Strategy.
 
PST4278               Computer packages for mathematics and statistics                             
This course will be a practical course, dealing with the use of computers to solve mathematical and statistical problems. It is designed to complement the understanding of some of the mathematical concepts through the use of mathematical packages. Spreadsheets, including formulae, data analysis and graphs Use of Mathematical packages including MATLAB, Autograph, Geogebra, Miscrosoft, Equation Editor etc. Solution of equations, Limits, Differentiation and Integration. Solution of first and second order differential equations. Solution of systems of linear equations. Statistical Packages: MINITAB, SPSS, Spreadsheets including data handling, descriptive statistics distribution, graphs etc.
 
PST4278a            Software and hardware systems                                 
Application software; systems software; systems software and hardware. Reliable system/ software design concepts and development method; design management and development lifecycles phases; Review of system and software design methods: functional, object oriented, formal, prototyping. Function design method: SSADM; outline of version IV, object orientated method: object orientated analysis and design. Case study/project: design of a data-base retrieval system with OOD front-end and functional data-base design.
 

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