Bachelor of Engineering Honours In Civil and Water Engineering Programme

Bachelor of Engineering Honours In Civil and Water Engineering Programme

NUST code:

TCW

DURATION:

 5 Years

TYPE OF DEGREE:

HONOURS

CREDIT LOAD:

 

LEVEL 
 

 

ACCREDITATION ORGANISATION(S):

Zimbabwe Council for Higher Education (ZIMCHE)

LEARNING MODES

CONVENTIONAL (Offered in Bulawayo Only)
PARALLEL (Offered in Bulawayo Only)

 


NORMAL ENTRY
At least three `A' level passes in Pure/Additional/Mechanical Mathematics, Physics and
Chemistry with either Computer Science or Engineering Drawing.
SPECIAL ENTRY
a) ND in Civil Engineering or ND Water resources Engineering plus 2 years post ND working experience
Or
b) HND in Civil Engineering or Water resources engineering plus 1 year post HND working Experience.
MATURE ENTRY
Candidates should be at least 25 years of age with relevant work experience or other attainments
The programmes constitute five academic years on full-time basis, each academic year representing a part of the degree Programme. Part IV shall be spent on industrial training attachment with an appropriate organisation.
A student may be exempted, with the approval of the Senate, from a part or parts of the Programme if his/her qualifications are found adequate by the individual Departments and the Faculty.

The assessment of a course may contain contributions due to formal examinations, continuous assessment and coursework. Unless otherwise specified, the formal examination will contribute 75% and continuous assessment/coursework will contribute 25% for the final marks. Where appropriate, continuous assessment/coursework may contribute either (a) 50% or (b) 100% of the final mark. With the approval of the Faculty Board, students may be required to pass separately the coursework and examination components. Before the commencement of each academic year, Departments will submit to the Faculty Board for approval lists of courses to be examined under either option (a) or option (b).
PART I

1st Semester

SCS 1101 Introduction to Computer Science
SMA 1116 Engineering Mathematics 1A
TCW 1102 Engineering Drawing
TCW 1103 Engineering Communication Skills
TCW 1104 Principles of Electrical Engineering
TCW1105 Material Science

PART 1

2ND  Semester

CTL1101 Leadership and Transformation Management
SMA 1216 Engineering Mathematics 1B
SCS 1206 Visual Programming Concepts & Dev.
TCW 1203 Civil Engineering Drawing
TCW 1204 Engineering Mechanics
TCW 1205 Occupational Health, Safety and Environment

 
PART II

1st Semester

TCW 2101 Fluid Mechanics
TCW 2102 Engineering Surveying I
TCW 2105 Engineering Geology
SMA 2116 Engineering Mathematics
TCW 2106 Structural Mechanics
TCW 2107 Civil Engineering Materials

PART II

TCW 2201 Soil Mechanics
TCW 2202 Engineering Hydrology
TCW 2204 Engineering Surveying II
SMA 2217 Engineering Mathematics III
TCW 2206 Structural Analysis I
TCW 2207 Construction Technology

PART III

1st Semester

TCW 3103 Design of Structures I
TCW 3104 Wastewater Engineering
TCW 3107 Hydraulic Design
TCW 3108 Structural Analysis II
TCW 3109 Transportation Engineering I
TCW 3110 Business Management for Civil Engineers

PART III

2ND  Semester

TCW 3204 Irrigation Systems Design
TCW 3208 Transportation Engineering II
TCW 3209 Research Methods
TCW 3210 Geotechnical Engineering
TCW 3211 Construction Management & Ethics
TCW 3212 Design of Structures II

PART IV

TCW 4000 Industrial Attachment

PART V

1st Semester

TCW 5101 Water Quality and Treatment
TCW 5099 Final Year Project

Elective I

TCW 5104 Civil Engineering Business Studies
TCW 5105 Design of Structures III

PART V

2ND  Semester

TCW 5099 Final Year Project

Elective II

TCW 5204 Dam Engineering
TCW 5205 Water Resources Management

List of Electives for Part V

TCW 5001 Groundwater Hydraulics and Modelling

TCW 5002 Pipe Network Analysis

TCW 5003 Liquid Retaining Structures

TCW 5004 Finite Element Method in Civil Engineering

TCW 5005 Traffic and Airport studies

TCW 5006  Solid Waste Management

TCW 5007 Wastewater Technology

TCW 5008 Bitumen Technology

TCW 5009 Computer Aided Design in Civil Engineering

TCW 5010 Computational Techniques in Civil Eng.

TCW 5011 Dynamic Analysis of Structures

TCW 5012 Elastic Analysis of Structures
PART I

TCW 1102 Engineering Drawing

Introduction; Phase geometry; First and third angle projection; Dimensioning; Pictorial views; Freehand sketching, Drawing of common objects; Sectioning; Intersections; Developments; Conventions; Assembly drawings. Introduction to the basic concepts of the graphic language as a tool for communicating design related information. Introduction to orthographic projections, flow sheeting, and isometric through a series of graded exercises. Introduction to technical drawing, simple geometric constructions.

TCW 1103 Engineering Communication Skills

This course aims to equip students with skills necessary for writing, editing, gathering, organizing, and presenting information effectively according to audience and purpose. Topics to be covered include technical documentation, oral and written technical reports, designing principles of technical and professional communication, policy making and leadership skills, teamwork, conflict management styles, public speaking skills, participation in group meetings, interview types and skills, critical thinking and audience analysis, study skills.

TCW 1104 Principles of Electrical Engineering

Introduction to general concepts of current, voltage, resistance and circuits (dc and ac), elements of loop and nodal analysis, basic networks and theorems, Delta-Wye conversions and network theorems, Capacitor and inductor circuits. Transient analysis. DC and AC power. Forced response. Sinusoidal steady-state response. Frequency response. P-n junction behaviour and rectifier modelling. Elementary power supplies.

TCW 1204 Engineering Mechanics

Introduction to Engineering Mechanics: Statics & Dynamics. Introduction to Solid Mechanics. Statics: Systems of forces; Equilibrium; Geometric characteristics of sections; Kinematics. Types of motion. Distance, linear displacement, speed, relative and linear velocity. Linear acceleration. Equations of motion. Kinetics: - Force-mass acceleration method, Work-energy method Conservation of energy. Impulse-momentum method. Conservation of linear momentum, collision, inelastic and collision. Angular momentum. Solid Mechanics: Stress-strain relationships, Elastic and plastic deformation, Hooke’s law, Shear stress and strain, Allowable stresses and allowable loads. Temperature effects, Stresses on inclined surfaces. Analysis of stress and strain: - Plane stresses and strain, Principal stresses and maximum shear stresses, Mohr’s circle of plane stress, Spherical and Cylindrical pressure vessels (Biaxial stress), Triaxial Stress, Three-dimensional stress.

TCW 1205 Occupational Health, Safety and Environment

Introduction to the work and health standards in construction environments; construction safety; Introduction to construction codes and safety standards and personal protection, equipment and accident investigation. Introduction to health and safety legislation. Introduction to Environmental Impact assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management planning (EMP).  Construction sites visits for observations.
    
TCW 1206 Civil Engineering Drawing

This course provides the opportunity for the student to apply the previous theory into practical drawing using manual drawing and Auto CAD. This will result in generating typical Civil Engineering and simple architectural drawings. The student will develop graphic and other communication skills using current Auto CAD standard software. Develop Visualization skills by using manual and AutoCAD and to solve Civil Engineering architectural graphical problems. The Civil Engineering layout drawings include detailing for reinforced concrete and steel structures.  Interpretation of architectural drawing.
 
Part II

TCW 2101 Fluid Mechanics

Introduction to fluid properties, units. Fluid Statics: static pressure relationships, static pressure forces on submerged objects, buoyancy.   Fluid kinematics: Classification of flows, velocity and acceleration characterization, Control volume concept, statement of conservation of mass, circulation. Fluid Dynamics: Euler’s equation of fluid motion along a streamline, Bernoulli’s equation and its applications, impulse momentum principle and its applications, angular momentum principle and its applications. Dimensional analysis. Ideal fluid flow analysis: stream function and velocity potential concepts, potential flow fields; Real fluid flow analysis: laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, pipe friction factor relations, simple pipeline problems; single pipes, pipes in series and pipes in parallel. Flow measuring systems.

TCW 2102 Engineering Survey 1

Definition of surveying, S I Units in survey. Plane and Geodetic survey.  Application of plane and geodetic surveys.  Topographical, Cadastral, Hydrographic, Mine, Photogrammetry and Engineering Survey.  Chain Surveying.  Types of measurements in chain survey.  Chain Survey Equipment.  Care and maintenance.  Methods of setting up.  Checks and adjustments to the optical square.  Ranging a straight line using a prism square.  Taping.  Corrections to measured lengths.  Temperature, slope, standardization, tension, and mean sea level.  Electromagnetic measurements.  Microwave, Infrared and Laser Instruments.  Booking methods.  Theory of Errors.  Systematic and Random errors.  Methods of eliminating or minimizing these errors.  Compass Surveying.  Meridian, magnetic bearing, true north/geographic north, isogons, agonic line and magnetic declination. Factors affecting declination, types of compasses.  Bearings.  Elimination of local attraction, compass traverses, distance measurement.  Adjustment of compass traverses using Bowditch graphical method and reconnaissance work for compass surveys.  Areas of regular and irregular figures.  Planimetry. Levelling: dumpy, tilting and automatic levels.  Levelling for construction, longitudinal and cross-sections, grading of constructions, cut and fill work.

TCW 2106 Structural Mechanics

Application of the equations of equilibrium. Analysis of axially loaded bars: - Displacements of axially loaded Members. Solution of pin jointed frames. Statically determinate trusses: - Type of trusses, Determinacy and stability of trusses, Computation of internal forces using the method of joints and method of sections and graphical methods. Pure bending theory, introduction to combined bending and direct stress. Internal forces in Beams and frames: - moment, shear, and axial force diagrams. Cables and arches. Pure torsion theory. Torsional behavior of members: - Torsional of circular bars, Hollow circular bars, indeterminate circular shafts, Elastic torsion of thin-walled closed tubes. Buckling of axially loaded columns; Instability of ideal and practical struts, beams and beam-columns.

TCW 2107 Civil Engineering Materials

Introduction to Civil Engineering materials.  Manufacture and properties of cement, hydration mechanisms and the microstructure of hardened cement paste. Constituent materials and properties of aggregates, fresh cement, hardened concrete and methods of testing. Durability of hardened concrete.  Specification and standards of Concrete. Bricks and Blocks. Manufacture of different types of bricks, properties of bricks and mortar. Composite modelling of masonry movements; heat insulation. Structure and mechanical behaviour. Metals:- bonding, structure, plasticity, deformation and strengthening mechanisms of metals. Failure mechanisms of metals in service, welding and corrosion of metals.  Timber:- Sources and characteristics of timber.  Polymers: - Application and durability of polymers in construction. Nature, composition and properties of bituminous mixtures.  Testing of Civil Engineering Materials.

TCW 2105 Engineering Geology

Introduction to theories behind formation of the earth; surface; structure and the age of the earth; mineralogy, petrology, igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, geological structures, geological maps and ground water.  Various branches of geology, theory of the earth’s origin by the gaseous tidal hypothesis; estimation of the age of the earth, description of the internal constituent of the earth including surface processes such as weathering, erosion and deposition.  Mineralogy:  Definition of a mineral, physical characters of minerals, crystalline form, atomic structures, classification of minerals; silicate minerals and non-silicate minerals as rock forming minerals and identification of the common rock forming minerals.  Petrology:  Origin of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Definitions of discordant, concordant bodies, dykes, sills, batholiths, laccoliths, etc of igneous rocks.  Formation of various igneous rocks using Bowen reaction sieves and classification of igneous rocks.  Texture and structures of sedimentary rocks. Different forms of metamorphic rocks, classes of metamorphic rocks.  Geological Structures and Maps:  Definition of geological map, dip, strike, folds faults, fault and normal fault and practical aspect of solving geological maps using contour lines or by the 3-point borehole system.  

TCW 2201 Soil Mechanics

Basic Characteristics of Soils:  Soil-phase diagrams, definitions and calculations of the following soil properties - Bulk density, dry density, void ratio, porosity, water content, degree of saturation, specific gravity of soil particles, bulk unit weight, saturated unit weight, dry unit weight, submerged density, submerged unit weight and water content. Experiments to determine water content of a soil sample and specific gravity of soil grains are to be carried out, including classification of soil by the sieve analysis method and the Cassagrande apparatus.  Permeability of Soils:  Darcy’s Law, coefficient of permeability and its determination by construct head method, falling head method and pumping well test analysis.  Seepage:  critical hydraulic gradient, quicksand conditions and piping, drawing of flow nets and determination of factor of safety against piping.  Soil Compaction. Site Investigation:  Various methods used to obtain information regarding the sequence of strata and ground water levels and also various methods used to collect soil samples for identification and testing such as trial pits, hand auger or post-hole auger, deep boring and drilling methods, borehole log and writing of a site investigation report.

TCW 2202 Engineering Hydrology

Introduction to hydrology.  Application of hydrology in engineering.  Hydrologic cycle. Hydrologic equation and water balance.  Meteorology.  Precipitation and analysis. Frequency-Intensity-duration curves. Infiltration and infiltration models.  Groundwater hydrology. Groundwater flow.  Well hydraulics.  Surface runoff.  River flow and stream gauging.  Hydrographs and analysis.  Unit hydrographs.  Flood routing.  Analysis of floods and design criteria.  Urban and small watershed hydrology.  Hydrologic design.  Linear regression and correlation.  Statistical and probability analysis of hydrologic data.

TCW 2206 Structural Analysis I

Types of structures and loading: - Modelling of structural systems and structural elements, Analysis of different types loads. Analysis of statically determinate structures: -Modelling of supports and reactions; Determinacy, indeterminacy, and stability of structures (beams, frames); Deflections (Double integration method, Method of singularity functions, Moment area method, Method of virtual work, Castigliano’s second theorem); Qualitative analysis of beams and frames; Influence lines for determinate structures (Beams and trusses); Approximate Analysis of statically indeterminate structures; Analysis of indeterminate structures (Flexibility method, slope deflection, moment distribution, stiffness method); computer application in structural analysis.

TCW 2204 Engineering Survey II

The Zimbabwean coordinates system and Gaussian system of coordinates.  Traversing, triangulation and resection.  Fieldwork/reconnaissance, station marking, angular measurement and centering errors.  Sources of errors during angle measurement, distance measurement and the three-tripod system.  Determination of angular misclosures in closed polygon and closed route traverses and distribution.  Coordinate misclosures during traversing and their distribution by the Bowditch and Transit methods. Types and classification of triangulation fieldwork in Zimbabwe.  Adjustment of angles in braced quadrilaterals and centre point polygons using the method of equal shifts and coordinate calculations.  Resection calculations using Collins Auxiliary Point method and Tan K Formula. Theodolites and theodolite work: Temporary and permanent adjustments of theodolite angle measurement using; the repetition, directional and sector methods.  Tacheometry work.  Curves:  circular, reverse, compound, transaction and vertical curves. Theory and calculations. Setting out methods:    Site inspection, error detection, communication onsite and stages. Vertical control, temporary bench marks, sight rails, travelers and boring rods.  Slope rails or batter boards, profile boards.  Positioning techniques.  Setting out Civil Engineering structures.  Practical work.  Introduction to Global Positioning Systems. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. computer application in engineering survey.

TCW2207 Construction Technology

Site clearance, site planning. Temporary works and by-laws: formwork systems, shoring, scaffolding, timbering, excavations. Foundation, Floor, roof and wall construction systems. Water proofing techniques. Internal components and finishes. Structural fire protection. Underpinning. Demolition works. Construction plant and equipment. External work: roads, paving, etc. Durability and maintenance. Site visits and site reporting.

Part III

TCW 3107  Hydraulic Design

Review of basic concepts of fluid flow. Open Channel flow: Classification of flows, Uniform flow and resistance factors; Energy and momentum principles; Gradually varied flow and longitudinal profiles. Classification of flows, head loss equations, fittings and minor losses, pipes in series, parallel, and branch systems, Pipe materials. General overview of hydraulic structures: conveyance structures, flow measuring devices, control structures, etc. Types of Pumps, Types of Turbines, Operating curves of pumps, Pumps in pipeline system. Transients in pipes (Surges). Design of municipal drainage systems.  Drainage requirements, review of hydrologic variables input into design which include storm flow estimation, time of concentration, intensity-duration-frequency rainfall data; Culvert design.  Sewer systems:-Rectangular, trapezoidal and circular, inlets, manholes and outfall structures. Design of sewerage systems:   population estimation, sewerage estimation, sewer materials, flow calculations, sewer appurtenances.  Method of analysis and hydraulic design of:- Conveyance structures, water distribution systems and their appurtenances, pump-pipeline systems, Surge and water hammer in pipelines. Pump-turbine-pipeline systems; Pump design and selection,  Diversion structures, etc. Storage systems: ground and overhead reservoirs and impoundments. Computer application in hydraulic desgn.  

TCW 3108 Structural Analysis II

Plastic analysis Structures: - Elastic-plastic stress-strain relationship, Plastic bending without axial force, Effect of axial load on plastic moment, Collapse loads and collapse mechanisms of beams and frames, Application of Virtual work and the static method. Dynamic analysis single and two degrees of freedom systems (damped and undamped systems), Energy method, Rayleigh method.  Plate analysis: Assumptions in thin plate theory, Moment-curvature relations, Equilibrium of an element, Differential Equation of plate bending, Boundary conditions, Navier solution for a plate simply supported on four sides, Levy’s method for plate with various support conditions, Transformation of moments and curvatures. Yield line analysis: - Yield line patterns, Guidelines for choosing yield line patterns, Assumptions used in yield line analysis, Virtual work method, Equilibrium method.

TCW 3103 Design of Structures I

Introduction to structural design. Loads on structures.  Design in Timber. Design in structural steelwork. Design of steel beams, connections and joists. Design of Compression members, loading of continuous spans, moment capacity of members, design of purlins and crane girders, trusses, brackets and bracings.

TCW 3104  Wastewater Engineering

Human activities and environmental pollution.  Objectives of wastewater treatment. Wastewater characteristics.  BOD kinetics.  Wastewater flow rates and design flows.  Flow equalisation.  Wastewater treatment processes and selection.  Flow measurement.  Screening, Comminution and Grit removal.  Primary sedimentation. Introduction to microbial metabolism and role of micro-organisms in biological treatment.  Kinetics of biological growth.  Trickling filter processes and design.   Activated sludge treatment process and design.  Biological nutrient removal.  Secondary clarification.  Wastewater stabilization ponds.  Tertiary Treatment.  Sludge treatment and disposal.  On-site sanitation and low cost appropriate technologies for wastewater treatment. Wetland treatment systems.  

TCW 3109 Transportation Engineering I

Planning and alignment of highways. Highway surveys.  Cross-sectional elements and their functions. Geometric design of highway, design of intersections, design of signals, markings and signs. Sight distances. Horizontal and vertical curves. Types of road pavements and their design. Construction and maintenance of roads, stabilisation of materials. Generation, distribution of trips, modal split analysis, choice of routes.  Road user, vehicle highway and environmental consequences of the use of highway facilities and traffic flow.  Traffic control and regulations.  Accidents and their prevention, road safety. Computer application in transportation engineering.

TCW 3110 Business Management for Civil Engineers

Introduction to Business Management, Evolution of Management Theory, Managing in a Changing Environment, Functions of Management, Human Resource Management, Principles of Marketing, Marketing Mix, Consumer Markets, Business Markets, Strategic Marketing, Segmentation, Targeting, Positioning, Management Information Systems, and E-commerce.

TCW 3207 Design of structures II

Design in Reinforced Concrete. Basis of design. Material properties. Loading. Design of beams, slabs, columns. Design of continuous beams, two way slabs, flat slabs. Design of slender columns. Enhancement of Auto CAD application in Civil Engineering Drawings, e.g. detailing, scheduling, labelling and dimensions.  Design in Masonry. Design of vertically loaded masonry walls. Design of laterally loaded wall panels.

TCW 3208 Transportation Engineering II

Role and characteristics of rail transportation. Types of gauges and their selection. Cross-sectional elements of a railway track, their functions and requirements. Rail failures and defects. Coning wheels, creep of rails. Rail fixtures and fastening. Geometrical design of rail track. Railway station yards and equipment. Signalling and interlocking. Train resistances and stresses in a railway track, tractive effort and traction. Construction and maintenance of a railway track and track drainage.

TCW 3209 Research Methods

The main objective is to provide the students with the necessary tools to be able to carry out civil and water engineering related research. Topics to be covered include formulating problem statements, research questions and research objectives. Introduction to methods of undertaking research, sources of data, handling and presenting data and findings, data analysis techniques.Continuous assessment will include formulation of research proposals and actual research projects.

TCW 3204 Irrigation Systems Design

Introduction to irrigation.  Soils and classification in irrigation.  Soil-water properties. Soil-water-plant relationships.  Storage and measuring of soil moisture. Infiltration in irrigation.  Crop water requirements.  Determination of crop-water requirements:-Temperature-based, pan evaporation and combination methods.  Selection of crop coefficients.  Guide to selection of irrigation systems.  Irrigation project planning.  Surface irrigation systems and design:- Furrow and border strip.  Sprinkler irrigation and design.  Trickle irrigation and design.  Operation and management of irrigation systems.  Economic analysis. Computer application in irrigation design.

TCW 3210 Geotechnical Engineering  

Important subjects include principles of effective stress and shear strength of soil. Strain-stress behavior.  Soil stiffness.  Lateral earth pressure.  Mohr-Coulomb and Rankine approaches. Consolidation theory and permeability, Slope stability.  Critical soil model.  Geo-structural mechanisms and the critical sate soil model. Settlement of foundations and analysis. Geo-technical process for ground improvement. Soil improvement-grouting, vertical drains, geosynthetics, soil reinforcement.  Filtration, separation and erosion control. Drainage in plane. Flow prevention.

TCW 3211 Construction Management & Ethics

Hierarchy of Construction Projects (Team).  Duties and responsibilities of construction team. Site productivity.  Construction equipment.  Selection of equipment and scheduling. Efficient use of machinery at site. Construction automation and robotics.  Project scheduling and planning (Critical path method).  Estimations, planning.  Contract supervision.  Programming:- bar and Gantt charts, critical path networks.  Cash flow, inflation, interest costing and budgetary control.  Construction contracts:- Payment and variations and claims. Contract law.   Types of contracts.  General conditions of contracts (ZGCC 4), FIDIC. Standard forms of conditions of contract; ZACE Form 1 & 2.  Legal aspects ( contract law, employment law and health law).  Bills of quantities.  The Tender; development of a project; types of tenders; tendering procedure. Introduction to Project Management.  Social cost benefit analysis. Professional ethics.  Code of Ethics, Zimbabwe Institute Engineers. CPD.  Continuing Professional Development (Training) CPD.

Part IV        

TCW 4000 Industrial Attachment

Part V

TCW 5099 Final Year Project

TCW 5101 Water Quality and Treatment

Sources and uses of water.  Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water.  Water quality standards and guidelines.  Health and aesthetic aspects of water quality. Aeration theory, methods and application in water treatment.  Water pollution and control.  Introduction to Water quality modelling in the environment.  Guide to selection of water treatment processes.  Coagulation and flocculation.  Sedimentation and flotation.  Filter media.  Slow sand filtration.  Rapid filtration.  Hydraulics of filtration and backwash.  Membrane processes.  Disinfection of water.  Chemical and Tertiary treatment.  Groundwater treatment.  Pilot plant design and testing.  Treatment and disposal of sludge from potable water treatment.  Design, operation and management of water treatment plants.

TCW 5104 Civil Engineering Business studies

Introduction to Financial Markets And Institutions,  Time Value of Money,  Fundamental Goal of Financial Management,  Determinants of Firm Value,  Risk and Return, Portfolio Theory,  Project Appraisal,  Capital Structure Theory and Practice, and Working Capital Management. Accounting Concepts, Double Entry Bookkeeping, Financial Statements (Income Statement, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Statement), and Financial Ratio Analysis.

TCW 5105 Design of Structures III

General principles of design of foundations for structures. Isolated footings, Combined footings.
Retaining Walls: Review of lateral earth pressures. Gravity Walls, Cantilever and Counterfort Walls.
Design of Piled Foundations

TCW 5204 Dam Engineering

Types of dams and methods of dam classification. Hydraulic design of small, medium and large dams: hydrological considerations, flood routing. Outlet works, spillway design, stilling basin design.  Siting considerations and environmental considerations in dam design, construction and use.  Sediment transport and channel stability. Hands-on with hydraulic design software.

TCW 5205 Water Resources Management

Introductory issues on the state of water resources at global and regional and national levels. Challenges to planning of water resource projects. Economics of water resource projects. Planning and management of community-based projects. Optimization methods applied to water resource projects. Principles of integrated approach to water resource management. Demand management. Reservoir capacity analysis. Flood plain management.

ELECTIVES

All final year students are required to pass at least two electives the choice of which is subject to Departmental Board approval.

TCW 5001 Groundwater hydraulics and modelling

Classification of aquifers.  Types of formations. Physical properties of aquifers:  Porosity, specific retention, storage coefficient, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity.  Principles of groundwater flow:  Darcy law, Derivation of equations of flow. Horizontal flow assumption (Dupuit-Forchheimer assumption), Physically-imposed boundary conditions on flow.  Methods of solution of groundwater flow equations: Flow nets, Analytical methods, Method of images (Flow near boundaries). Pumping tests and aquifer characterization. Well design, development, and construction, Flow in unconfined aquifers.   Numerical modeling of aquifer systems; General concepts of numerical modeling, Finite difference, Finite element, Boundary element, Green element methods.  Recharge and discharge area, artificial recharge as a management tool: Methods of artificial recharge; Groundwater pollution and control.

TCW 5002 PIPE NETWORK ANALYSIS

Application of computers to Pipe network Design and Interpolation of results. Matrix solution of complex Pipe networks. Analysis of transient development and control. Computer analysis of water hammer. Parameter optimization, programme modification. Pumping systems analysis. Pipe supports. Design of flexible pipes. Air and vapour in pipelines.

TCW 5003 LIQUID RETAINING STRUCTURES

Codes and handbooks. Design methods. Design objectives and general recommendations. Design examples. Specification and construction. Quality control and testing.

TCW 5004 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Introduction: The basic concept of the finite element method. Examples. Use of method to design. Review of basic elasticity. Strain energy. Variational theorems: Concept of    minimum potential energy. The Ritz method. Spatial discretisation by finite elements. Beam element. Plane stress and plane strain elements. Axisymmetric element. Isoparameteric elements and numerical integration. Three dimensional elements. Plate bending elements. Application to structural problems in plane stress. Application to fluid flow, potential problems and consolidation. Implementation of the method on microcomputers-programming strategies. Use of packages advantages and pitfalls.

TCW 5005 TRAFFIC AND AIRPORT STUDIES

Need for traffic analysis and studies. Traffic flow characteristics. Speed-density volume relationships. Traffic volume studies, its purpose and methodology, presentation of collected data, its analysis and utility. Speed studies, various methods of conducting speed studies, analysis of data and its presentation. Travel time and delay studies, floating method of study, delay at intersection, and presentation of data. Origination and Destination.  Surveys, methods, their advantages and disadvantages, presentation of collected data.  Parking studies, methods of parking, parking layout, multi storey parking and underground parking.  Accident studies, collection, storing, recording and reporting of data, collision diagrams, their analysis.  Remedial measures.  History of aviation.  Development trends in aircraft size, speeds, flying heights and other characteristics affecting airports.  Planning of airports, regional planning, master plans, and strategic plan.  Aviation forecasting.  Airport obstruction clearance.  Imaginary surfaces.  Control devices.  Planning and Design of terminal buildings and its facilities.

TCW 5006 Solid Waste Management

Introduction to evolution of solid waste management. Regulatory framework and management agencies. Sources and types of solid wastes. Diseases and pollution. Classification. Physical, chemical and biological properties... Generation and collection rates. Handling, separation and recovery.  Transformation and recovery. Storage and processing at source. Collection and transportation of wastes. Disposal of wastes. Hazardous wastes and their disposal. Sanitary landfill design and operation practice.  Compositing. Scavenging and its negative and positive impacts. Environmental issues-lactates, odours and gases. Control and monitoring of negative impacts. Restoration and rehabilitation of landfills. Environmental impact assessments of landfills.

TCW 5007 WASTEWATER TECHNOLOGY

Wastewater technologies and selection of treatment processes. Control of biological nutrients. Nutrient removal from wastewater: - Biological nutrient removal plant configuration for raw and settled wastewater; Reactor selection. Specialized treatment systems for phosphorous and nitrogen removal: - Modified Ludzack-Ettinger nitrification-denitrification process; Wuhrmann-nitrification-denitrification process; Bardenpho Process for nitrogen removal; Phoredox process for biological nitrogen and phosphorous removal and UCT process. Process volume requirements for the biological nutrient reactor. Solids flux theory. Layout and hydraulic design of biological reactor clarifiers. Wastewater treatment for small communities: On site sanitation. Anaerobic treatment of industrial wastewater. Tertiary treatment processes. Microstrainers; grass plots; maturation ponds; slow and rapid sand filters. Wastewater reclamation, reuse and disposal. Aerated lagoons. Sludge treatment, disposal and reuse; Sludge rheology and transport. Visits to wastewater treatment plants.

TCW 5008 - BITUMEN TECHNOLOGY

Bitumen and Tar, their types and method of extraction. Practical significance of tests on bitumen. Various types of bituminous roads and treatments, construction techniques. Different tests for Bitumen: Penetration test, softening point test, flash and fire point test, viscosity of bitumen test, Ductility tests, Distillation test. Cutbacks, emulsions etc. Bituminous mix Design. Marshall method, HV method and other methods.

TCW 5009 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Overview for CAD: Hardware and software for CAD. Introduction to programming techniques. Graphics for CAD. Graphic devices. Mathematics for graphics. Representation of images. Geometric modelling. Application to foundation and frame modelling in three dimensions. Analytical tools, modelling for CAD. Interactive design in CAD environment. Programming environment for CAD. Knowledge based approaches for engineering design. Applications in project management, hydraulic design, foundation engineering, transportation engineering and structural engineering.

TCW 5010 COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Introduction to numerical methods. The need and philosophy. Classical approximate methods. Variation methods - The Ritz method and the Galerkin methods. The finite difference method application to beams and plates. Disadvantages. The concept of finite element-discretisation and assembly. Variation principles. Classical element formulation. Interpolation functions. The isoparametric element and numerical integration. Application beams, plane elasticity and two dimensional potential problems. Introduction to boundary element method. Implementation on microcomputer.

TCW 5011 DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES

Basic concepts of Dynamic Analysis. Damped and undamped vibration. Single and several degrees of freedom. Application of the method to the analysis of structures (building and foundations)

TCW 5012 ELASTIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES

Basic concepts of Elastic Analysis. Application of the method to slabs; Navier method, Ritz method, concept of minimum potential Energy, Line method. Application of the Navier solution and the Crash of method to the analysis of grillages.
   

CONVENTIONAL

$565/semester

PARALLEL

$665/semester

Connect with us

National University of Science & Technology
PO Box AC 939, Ascot, Bulawayo
Zimbabwe
Tel: +263 292 282842
Fax: +263 292 286803

Newsletter

Enter your email and we'll send you more information

© Copyright 2019. National University of Science & Technology. All Rights Reserved